A set of micronutrient test eprouvettes filled with blue liquid.

Micronutrient Testing – What is it and What does it Reveal to You?

Nutrition is a key component of overall health and wellness. Most people are familiar with macronutrients, which give the body energy from carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. However, few know that micronutrients are vital in keeping us healthy and fit. While it is possible to get enough of these vitamins and minerals from a balanced diet, sometimes deficiencies can occur. This is why it is important to consider micronutrient testing to detect deficiencies and ensure our bodies get all the essential nutrients they need.

Micronutrient testing can help to identify potential problems in nutrient absorption and metabolism, which can lead to a range of symptoms such as fatigue, digestive problems, a weakened immune system, muscle aches and pains, skin issues, and more. By detecting deficiencies or other issues, micronutrient testing can provide valuable information to help optimize one’s health and well-being.

What are Micronutrients?

Micronutrients are essential vitamins and minerals that the body needs in small amounts to maintain health and well-being. Vitamins and minerals can be obtained through a balanced diet or, in some cases, supplements.


Vitamins are essential to our daily diet and are important for healthy growth and development. They play a key role in the body’s metabolism, aiding in the absorption of nutrients, maintaining healthy skin and bones, and protecting against diseases. Vitamins can be found in animal and plant sources and are divided into groups.

Water-soluble Vitamins

  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): Helps break down food into energy and is necessary for the functioning of the brain, heart, and other organs.
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): Aids the body in using oxygen; breaks down carbohydrates, proteins, and fats; and converts food into energy.
  • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): Important for red blood cell formation, hormone regulation, and the creation of neurotransmitters.
  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin): Necessary for proper red blood cell formation and nervous system function.
  • Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid): Aids iron absorption, collagen production, and the maintenance of healthy bones and teeth.
An uncapped bottle filled with yellow vitamin B pills. Six pills are next to the bottle, as well as the black cap. There is a "Vitamin B" text written on the bottle.

Get a Lab Test

Schedule your at-home lab test with Drip Hydration for a convenient, comprehensive, and professional healthcare experience tailored to your needs.

Fat-soluble Vitamins

  • Vitamin A: Helps form and maintain healthy hair, skin, and vision. It also supports the immune system and helps with reproductive health.
  • Vitamin D: Aids regulation of calcium and phosphorus absorption, which are both important for bone health. It also helps regulate the immune system and protects against infection.
  • Vitamin E: Powerful antioxidant that protects cells from damage and keeps skin and eyes healthy.
  • Vitamin K: Promotes blood clotting to prevent excessive bleeding. It also helps to keep bones healthy and assists in nerve cell communication.


  • Calcium: Important for maintaining healthy bones and teeth, muscle contraction, and regulating heart rate and blood pressure.
  • Sodium: Helps regulate fluid balance in the body.
  • Potassium: Aids regulation of blood pressure, muscle contraction, and nerve transmission.
  • Iron: Necessary for the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
  • Zinc: Helps with wound healing, digestion, and immune system health.
Iron pills spilled over a yellow background.

What does Micronutrient Testing Reveal?

Micronutrient testing is a comprehensive test that evaluates a person’s nutritional status by measuring the levels of essential micronutrients in the body. It is an important tool for identifying and monitoring nutrient deficiencies in individuals.

Most micronutrient tests require a blood or urine sample. These include water-soluble vitamins (such as vitamin B12 and folate) and fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K). Certain minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, chromium, and selenium are also tested. Each micronutrient panel is designed to measure different levels and combinations of nutrients; therefore, it’s important to check with your doctor to see which micronutrients are included in the test panel they recommend.

The normal range of micronutrients can vary on a case-by-case basis, so it’s important to consult your doctor or nutritionist before you get tested. Generally speaking, all micronutrient levels should fall within the normal range for your body to function optimally. If any of your micronutrient levels fall below or above the normal range, you likely have an underlying nutrient deficiency or excess that needs to be addressed.

Micronutrient Deficiency and its Symptoms

While macronutrients (proteins, fats, and carbohydrates) provide energy, micronutrients help maintain good health and prevent diseases. Unfortunately, many people suffer from a micronutrient deficiency, despite eating healthily. This can be due to chronic health conditions, age, genetic conditions, or other factors.

A micronutrient deficiency occurs when insufficient vitamins and minerals are in the body. Symptoms of a micronutrient deficiency include:

  • Fatigue
  • Slow wound healing
  • Weakened immune function
  • Digestive issues
  • Frequent illness
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Poor appetite
  • Low energy levels
A woman feeling fatigued while touching her forehead and holding books and notepads.

Therefore, it is important to identify and address any micronutrient deficiency with the help of a professional to ensure that the body gets the right amount of nutrients needed for optimal health.

Vitamin Deficiency and its Symptoms

Insufficient intake of vitamins is a serious health concern and can lead to various symptoms. Vitamin deficiencies can cause anemia, fatigue, weak bones, and more. In severe cases, vitamin deficiencies can even lead to death.

The symptoms of vitamin deficiency depend on which vitamin is lacking. The most common vitamins people are deficient in are vitamins C, D, B12, and folate.

  • Vitamin C deficiency: Can cause scurvy, poor wound healing, dry hair and skin, and a weakened immune system.
  • Vitamin D deficiency: Vitamin D deficiency can lead to fatigue, muscle weakness, and bone pain. It can also increase the risk of certain diseases, such as rickets and osteomalacia.
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency: B12 deficiency can cause anemia, fatigue, difficulty with balance and coordination, numbness or tingling in the hands and feet, and other neurological problems. It can also lead to depression and poor memory.
  • Folate Deficiency: Folate deficiency can cause anemia, fatigue, a weakened immune system, and birth defects. It can also lead to an increased risk of certain cancers.

It’s important to note that a lack of any one vitamin can affect the body in numerous ways and can increase your risk of developing serious illnesses and conditions. If you regularly experience any of these symptoms, you should talk to your doctor. They may recommend getting a micronutrient test to determine whether you have a deficiency.

Mineral Deficiency and its Symptoms

Minerals are essential for maintaining a healthy body, as they provide the body with the vitamins, electrolytes, and other necessary building blocks for growth and development. Without an adequate supply of minerals, a person can suffer various health issues, from fatigue and cognitive dysfunction to bone and joint problems.

Iron, zinc, magnesium, calcium, and selenium are the most common mineral deficiencies. Deficiencies in these minerals can lead to various symptoms, including fatigue, poor concentration, weak muscles and bones, increased risk of infection, and impaired wound healing.

  • Iron deficiency: Can lead to anemia, which is characterized by fatigue, shortness of breath, paleness of skin, dizziness, headaches, and cravings for non-nutritious items like ice or clay.
  • Zinc deficiency: Can cause an increased risk of infection in adults.
  • Magnesium deficiency: Can lead to muscle cramps, fatigue, poor concentration, anxiety, irritability, and sleep disturbances.
  • Calcium deficiency: Can lead to weak bones and muscles, numbness and tingling in the extremities, and poor digestion.
  • Selenium deficiency: Can lead to poor immune function and thyroid problems.

If you suspect you may be deficient in one or more minerals, you should consult your doctor or healthcare provider to get tested. Testing for mineral deficiencies is done through a simple blood test, and it can help identify any deficiencies you may have so that appropriate treatment options can be recommended.

Who should consider Micronutrient Testing?

Micronutrient testing is beneficial for a variety of people. Individuals with certain medical conditions such as thyroid issues, gut issues, autoimmune disorders, and chronic fatigue syndrome may benefit from micronutrient testing as it can identify underlying nutrient deficiencies that may be contributing to their symptoms.

Athletes and highly active individuals may also benefit from micronutrient1 testing to identify any potential nutrient deficiencies or imbalances caused by the physical demands of their lifestyle.

A medical person holding a test tube.

Vegetarians and vegans are at an increased risk of nutrient deficiencies due to their diets. For example, they may not be getting enough vitamin B12 if they do not supplement and iron if they do not consume enough leafy greens. Micronutrient testing can help identify any potential nutrient deficiencies to address them with dietary changes or supplementation.

Individuals on restrictive diets such as low-carbohydrate diets or intermittent fasting are at an increased risk of micronutrient deficiencies due to the lack of variety in their diets. Micronutrient testing can help identify any nutrient deficiencies so that they can address them with dietary changes or supplementation.

Overall, micronutrient testing can be a great tool to help individuals identify any potential nutrient deficiencies that could be causing health issues or hindering progress toward their health goals. It is important to understand that micronutrient testing should always be done in combination with other diagnostics and should not be solely relied upon for diagnoses or treatment decisions.

Benefits of Micronutrient Testing

Micronutrient testing can provide an individual with a comprehensive look at their health and nutritional status. Measuring the levels of vitamins and minerals in the body can reveal deficiencies that may be causing symptoms of ill health. The information from a micronutrient deficiency test allows you to adjust your diet and lifestyle to ensure your body gets all the nutrients it needs for optimal health.

Additionally, the best micronutrient testing can help to identify potential medical conditions such as anemia, osteoporosis, and autoimmune diseases. Early detection of these conditions through micronutrient testing can help to reduce the risk of long-term health complications.

A happy woman spreading her arms above her head while being in a sunflower field.

Finally, by monitoring your micronutrient levels over time, you can ensure that your nutritional status remains within healthy ranges, even after making dietary or lifestyle changes. This will enable you to optimize your health and prevent potential nutrient deficiencies from occurring in the future.

How to Get a Micronutrient Test?

If you are looking for a convenient and accurate way to test your micronutrient levels, then an at-home micronutrient blood test may be right for you. At-home micronutrient tests provide a more comprehensive overview of your micronutrient levels than traditional blood tests, which measure only one or two nutrients simultaneously. This can give you a much better picture of your overall health and what supplements you may need.

At-home micronutrient blood testing is also incredibly easy and efficient. All you need to do is order the test kit, provide a few drops of blood, and send the sample back to the lab for analysis. The lab will then generate a report that shows your micronutrient levels and any deficiencies that may be present.

While micronutrient testing at home is convenient and accurate, it’s best to work with a healthcare professional when creating an action plan. Your healthcare provider can interpret your results and recommend the best treatment based on your needs. This could include taking specific supplements to address any deficiencies or imbalances. They can also recommend lifestyle changes such as improving diet and increasing physical activity that can help optimize your micronutrient levels. It should also be noted that if a DIY home test detects a deficiency, a reliable doctor will conduct a professional test to confirm results before beginning any treatment.


Regular micronutrient testing is an important part of maintaining overall health and wellness. Testing can reveal deficiencies in vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients, which may cause symptoms that can be addressed through diet, supplements, or other interventions. The best micronutrient testing can help you understand if you have any deficiencies, what they are, and the best treatment options for you. Although there are DIY kits available, it is recommended to get tested regularly and consult a medical professional who can interpret the results and provide an appropriate treatment plan.

Schedule your at Home Lab Test with Drip Hydration

An in-home lab test is a simple, convenient way to get the answers you need. Samples are collected by one of our medical professionals. We will help you understand your results and recommend the next steps to help you feel your best.

Give us a call or click the button below to schedule an appointment!

Lab Testing - Frequently Asked Questions

Why is it important to do lab tests occasionally?

It is important to do lab tests occasionally because they can provide valuable information about an individual's health and help to identify potential health issues early on. Lab tests can measure a wide range of factors, including blood count, cholesterol levels, liver and kidney function, and hormone levels, and can provide insight into an individual's overall health and wellness. Additionally, lab tests can help to diagnose and monitor the progression of certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease, and can help to identify any potential health risks or concerns. By doing lab tests occasionally, individuals can take proactive steps to maintain their health and wellbeing and reduce the risk of potential health problems in the future.

What does a routine blood test cover?

A routine blood test is used to check for a range of things, including your blood count and the levels of certain chemicals and substances in your blood. Blood tests can also be used to check how well certain organs, such as your liver and kidneys, are functioning.

How is a blood sample collected for lab testing?

A blood sample for lab testing is typically collected through a process called venipuncture, which involves inserting a small needle into a vein to draw blood. This is usually done on the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand.

What is the cost of a lab test?

In general, the cost of a lab test can range from a few dollars to several hundred dollars. It is always best to consult with your doctor or healthcare provider to get an accurate estimate of the cost of a lab test.

Read More: Lab Testing FAQ


[1] Godswill A. G, Somtochukwu I. V, Ikechukwu A. O, et al. - Health Benefits of Micronutrients (Vitamins and Minerals) and their Associated Deficiency Diseases: A Systematic Review. 2020. International Journal of Food Sciences, 3(1), 1–32. https://doi.org/10.47604/ijf.1024;